I agree with the comment above that benefits should be sustainable, outlasting the mine itself. Helping communities be best prepared to capture benefits is crucial. Supporting capacity and readiness in addition to identifying opportunities for local business development is key. Procurement contracts and small business opportunities that can transition to alternative initiatives allow employment and new opportunities beyond the lifecycle of the mine. Transferable skills and the right tools to capture current and future opportunities can help realize lasting benefits.
Early and sustained engagement with affected communities is also crucial. Communities should help set their own course and be involved in decision making processes that impact their wellbeing.